9 September 2021

Havewell-groomed hands – not only high-quality processing and coating, but also a beautiful shape. Not everyone is lucky to be born with an elongated and thin nail plate. In some cases, you can’t do without a little trick. About the types and methods of nail extension – in the BeautyHack materials.

Extension types

Acrylic nail extension A short chemistry lesson! Acrylic is a synthetic material based on acrylic and methacrylic acids. To build up, masters mix a special powder with a monomer. The result is a thick mass that easily hardens under the influence of air.

Surface hardening takes about 7 minutes, the polymerization process is completely completed in 48 hours – for this reason, manicurists advise to be careful and protect your nails from blows. Acrylic can be worn for up to several months, but it has one big and fat minus – toxicity. After such an extension, the nail plate, which does not receive normal nutrition, becomes thinner and becomes very fragile.

And now for the pleasant: acrylic is removed with a special tool – dust from grinding does not enter the respiratory tract, with its help you can create an incredible design – a very plastic material. He also helps to “fix” his broken nail. By the way, acrylic manicure is prohibited during pregnancy – remember this.

Gel nail extension… There are several types of gels for nail extension: single-phase, two-phase and three-phase. The first ones fit well on the plate and act as a base, base and finish – dedicated to all fans of colorless manicure!

Three-phase gels require patience from both the master and the client – the build-up can take several hours.

Just like acrylic, this material is a polymer that hardens when exposed to ultraviolet light. But the gels are non-toxic, have almost no smell and are considered absolutely safe.

With their help, you can achieve the most natural effect – the nail plate is flexible and very thin. The main disadvantage of gels is cutting off when removing. For people with bronchial asthma and other respiratory diseases, this type of build-up is contraindicated.

Biogel nail extension… Biogel is a kind of regular gel for building, but it has one important feature – it is almost 100% made of natural, not synthetic materials. Thanks to this, he has practically no contraindications – even pregnancy and breastfeeding.

The basis of almost all biogels is mulberry resin, which has a positive effect on the nail plate (this type of nail extension is considered curative): it contains proteins and other components that improve the structure and stimulate metabolic processes. The material allows you to create a plastic, but durable coating. It fits snugly against the nail to keep moisture out and provide protection against fungal infections.

Nail extension methods

Extension is understood as the process of applying the selected material to the surface of the nail and its polymerization. In the case of acrylic, it occurs without exposure to ultraviolet radiation – a special lamp is needed only for the final stage.

Today there are two main ways: building on tips and building on forms.

Extension of nails on tips… Remember, in the early 2000s, there were sets with false nails that were attached to a plate with a special glue? Nineties kids will understand! These plastic marigolds are called tips. Manicurists use them to apply gels. The procedure is about the same as in childhood: gluing tips, trimming and removing the form.

Today, many beauty salons use so-called liquid tips. A special gel is poured into a small form, covering the nail plate by 70%. After that, the composition polymerizes for about three minutes under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Then the master deduces the shape and makes the grinding – quickly and easily!

Extension of nails on forms… Forms are special templates that are disposable and reusable. The former are made of special foil or thick paper, the latter are made of teflon, metal or plastic (they are treated with an antiseptic before each use).

There are several advantages to nail extension to molds. First and foremost, the nail plate is not sharpened. This method makes it possible to create a smooth bend, giving absolutely any shape and even changing the direction of growth. But this should only be done by a competent master. Violation of technology threatens you, at least, with spoiled manicure and mood.