10 September 2021

Mpermanent makeup expert Anastasia Smolskaya (@studio_luxpermanent) told who needs a permanent, what are the contraindications and techniques for applying it.

To whom and why?

Permanent makeup is not always a fad! Sometimes this is a forced necessity. There are direct indications for its application.

Age changes… With age, there is a change in hormonal levels. Because of this, pigment is lost – the lips become paler, and the contour is less clear. It can also occur at a younger age. The reasons for insufficient pigmentation can be different: anemia and other diseases associated with impaired blood circulation. Age-related changes often lead to eyebrow alopecia – this is also a direct indication for a permanent.

Scars from recurrent herpes… The herpes virus is found in 94% of the inhabitants of our planet. With a decrease in the body’s immune function, it can make itself felt quite often. After herpes, small scars and scars remain on the lips, which the permanent helps to mask.

Light, sparse eyebrows… The most common reason for contacting a master is light hairs, which are practically invisible on the skin. Staining in this case gives a temporary result. And the permanent lasts up to one and a half years.

Fuzzy lip contour… I would like to draw your attention: the permanent does not change the volume and size of the lips – you should contact a beautician with such a request. It provides a beautiful visual effect and helps to correct the shape. For example, visually raise the lowered corners.

Powdery technique or shading?

Velvet, shadow, permanent, dot, pixel, dusting, nanotechnology – all these are synonyms for the same method of applying permanent makeup. When you see these names, know: we are talking about shading.

This type of technique involves spraying liquid pigment into the surface layers of the skin using a special machine. If you look closely, after the procedure, small dots remain on the skin, creating the effect of thick, beautiful eyebrows.

I really love this technique. It allows you to achieve naturalness and at the same time make your eyebrows lush (for tips on how to make your eyebrows perfect, read here). Unlike the classical technique, the skin is not severely injured – there is practically no rehabilitation period.

Does it hurt or not?

The most frequently asked question. To answer it, you need to take into account several factors. The most important is the pain threshold. This concept means the minimum level of irritation at which a person begins to feel pain. This is an individual indicator. The lower the pain threshold, the stronger the sensitivity to the procedure.

When applying permanent makeup, the upper layers of the dermis are interfered with. It feels like a slight tingling sensation. The procedure does not cause severe discomfort. The most painless area is the eyebrows. The lips and eyelids are slightly more sensitive.

Anesthesia is allowed before and during the procedure. Craftsmen use application gels – no injections. For low pain thresholds, I recommend taking a pain reliever.

Do you need a correction?

Correction is an optional procedure. Most often it is needed by those who did not follow the recommendations of the master after applying the permanent. Physiological features cannot be written off.

The body perceives the pigment as a foreign object and will begin to push it out. This creates gaps in the area to be adjusted. Part of the pigment may “leave” along with the crusts – this also needs to be understood.

A month and a half after the procedure, I recommend coming for a second consultation. I evaluate the result and determine if revision is needed or everything is perfect.

Can a permanent be done during pregnancy?

Pregnancy is a big responsibility for a woman (what you need to know about pregnancy in the spring, look at link).

In these 9 months of happy waiting, many things are forbidden: even hair coloring! Permanent is no exception.

Without the permission of the doctor, I will not pick up the instrument. The procedure involves a violation of the integrity of the skin. Since the pain threshold is lower in pregnant women, this can lead to undesirable consequences and even premature birth.

If the doctor has not imposed a ban on the procedure, it is better to apply permanent makeup in the second trimester. In this case, only the eyebrows and eyelids can be corrected – the lips cannot be done in order to avoid the recurrence of the herpes virus.

How to take care of your skin during the rehabilitation period?

When performing a permanent, the skin is damaged. The needle injures the upper layer of the dermis, almost without touching the capillaries. During the procedure, a yellowish, water-like liquid is released – lymph. After a while, it, mixed with pigment, dries up.

To cleanse the skin and prevent the formation of crusts, you need to wash at home and wipe the areas where the permanent was made with chlorhexidine. Not to be confused with hydrogen peroxide! After that, it is better not to wet them – no baths, pools and saunas. You can relieve the feeling of tightness and speed up the healing process with the help of Bepanten, Panthenol and Vaseline.

Two weeks after the procedure, you should refrain from physical activity and solarium. And do not forget to consult with the master if you have any questions – there is too much unverified information on the Internet that has nothing to do with reality.

How long does a permanent last?

It all depends on the zone and individual characteristics. The permanent stays on the eyelids for the longest time, less on the eyebrows. And this is quite logical. There are many sebaceous glands in the forehead. The pigment is pushed out along with the secretion. In addition, this area is exposed to direct sunlight at its best – the paint will fade.

Another nuance to consider is the quality of the materials. In good salons it is high – the pigment lasts up to one and a half years. After that, an update is required.