NSexpert BeautyHack dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist
What level of sun protection is required for residents of the middle lane?
For Moscow residents, SPF 15 is enough in winter, SPF 30 or 50 in summer, depending on the lifestyle. It is necessary to know whether a person sunbathes on purpose or just goes to work in the summer, whether he does salon procedures, uses products with acids. After using the latter, it is imperative to apply a cream, tone or powder with SPF. After any salon procedure, check with your specialist how to care for your skin during the recovery period, if any.
How do you know what level of sun protection is needed during a vacation trip?
The sun protection factor is selected based on the skin phototype, the lighter it is, the more SPF. In hot countries and in ski resorts, the SPF should be maximum. But keep in mind that the activity of the sun depends on the region. There is such a concept “UV index”, which characterizes the level of ultraviolet radiation. You can understand what the UV index is in different countries using the application on your smartphone. For example,
How do I apply sunscreen and how often do I renew it?
Any sunscreen is used 15 minutes before sun exposure, on open areas, and is renewed every 2-3 hours when exposed to the sun or after contact with water. Apply with a light, patting motion.
When choosing a product with SPF, the type of skin also plays a role. For example, if you have oily skin, make sure that the composition does not contain mineral oils, petroleum jelly, oleic acid. But anti-inflammatory extracts, on the contrary, are necessary. A product with alcohol in the composition is not suitable for dry skin.
How to choose sunscreen for your baby?
Very young children need creams with the maximum SPF factor. The filter must be physical, as it is considered hypoallergenic. Apply also: 15 minutes before going outdoors and renew every 2-3 hours.
Sunscreens in the form of creams, sprays, sticks – which one to choose and which will be safer?
Choose the product that will be more comfortable for you to apply. All professional brands provide the same quality care. The SPF level is more important here.
What sunscreen do you use yourself and can you recommend?
In the rating of my favorites – Ultraceuticals, Obagi and SkinCeuticals creams! Obagi tones the skin as a bonus, Ultraceuticals and SkinCeuticals contain caring ingredients in addition to protection. For example, in Ultra UV Protective Daily Moisturiser SPF 50+, it moisturizes great due to the hyaluronic acid and niacinamide in the composition. All products are non-sticky, pleasant and easy to apply.